Last Friday Fitch did some catching up as it downgraded a number of euro zone countries after S&P’s recent mass downgrade; the downgrades were expected and did not have a major effect on the currency pair.
Despite yet another downgrade for Italy the Italian bond auction conducted Monday went on relatively well, Italy managed to auction off the levels of liquidity required and yields (the cost to the Italian Government) were lower compared to previous auctions. However bid to cover ratio, measuring demand, tended towards the lower end.
The EU summit last Monday heralded the week, the aim was to finalize the details of the fiscal compact and the introduction of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). The ESM treaty should be signed off in March to come in force in July. With regards the fiscal compact, apart from the United Kingdom even the Czech Republic opted out.
US key events last week
Last week we had two important events from the United States. First there was the Fed’s FOMC interest rate decision and the press conference that followed; than the advanced reading for Q4 GDP was published .The US economy grew at its fastest pace for 2011 during the last quarter, with growth at 2.8%.
The figure was short of the expected 3% but still better than the third quarter’s 1.8%. So far so good, but the breakdown of the figure showed a strong buildup of businesses’ inventories and weaker spending of capital goods – thus raising concerns on the momentum for future growth.
After last week’s FOMC meeting, unsurprisingly the Fed left its policy rate unchanged. Yet the highlight was more the dovish tone the Fed maintained and that it remained supportively accommodative to maintain the economic recovery. The Fed also committed itself not to raise interest rates at least until 2014.
The Fed has added decelerating inflation to its focus, apart from employment growth – as it committed to keep personal consumption expenditure (PCE) at around 2%. The Fed’s official’s outlook for short term rates, a communication tool initiated last week for the first time, also revealed that the majority of the members see rate hikes as not appropriate before 2014.
So despite the recent improving data out of the United States, the implied dovishness and the concerns being raised over momentum of the US economic growth, it seems we should expect a choppy ride.
The declined towards lows last seen at the end of October last year. The currency pair declined to lows of 76.17, after levels of 77.70 prior to the Fed’s commitment last week to maintain cheap liquidity at least until the end of 2014. For the current week we expect the correction lower to continue towards 75.89.
EUR/USD about to lose steam?
The EUR/USD rose above 2% throughout last week, buoyed by hopes for a Greek deal with the private investors and the Fed’s dovish tone. So far in the former part of this week the currency pair has traded in the range of 1.3076 – 1.3221; we expect the 1.3334 – 1.3449 region to resist price movements to the upside, while support at 1.2991 – 1.2761 should cap price moves lower. Throughout this current week we expect the current uptrend to end around the resistance region (mentioned previously) to later head lower towards 1.2991, unless 1.3449 is breached.
Comments by Greek PM with regards to the progress of PSI (Private Sector Involvement) talks helped to maintain risk appetite. PM Papademos said that progress was being made. The Financial Times also reported that the ECB’s next 3-year LTRO (Long Term Refinancing Operations) due at the end of this month would continue to help significantly the liquidity situation. The previous 3-year LTRO is seen by many as having aided significantly the liquidity situation within the euro zone.
Earlier this week, euro zone’s economic sentiment overall improved despite industrial sentiment registered marginal declines. German retail sales contracted for the month of December disappointing expectations for an improved figure.
Ahead of us next Friday the United States will be reporting its payrolls and unemployment data. Nonfarm payrolls are expected to rise by 150K, while unemployment rate is expected to remain in line with the previous reading at 8.5%.
The has traded in the range of 0.8345 – 0.8406 in the former part of this week. For the current week we expect the currency pair to find resistance in the region of 0.8446 - 0.8489; while moves lower should be contained in the region of 0.8321 - 0.8239.
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This article has been prepared by Rudolf Muscat, Senior Trader at RTFX Ltd.